Sage or Salvia officinalis (from the Latin meaning "heal" or "save") is a shrub that grows mainly in Mediterranean countries as it prefers barren and stony soils with a lot of sun.
Sage has been known since antiquity. It was considered a sacred plant in ancient Greece, dedicated to Zeus. The ancient Greeks and Egyptians believed that it could increase fertility, while the Arabs believed that it could cure everything. References to the healing properties of sage are made by Theophrastus, Hippocrates and Dioscorides. The Latins called it a sacred plant as they considered it the sacred plant of immortality. It is so widespread in Greece that the French consider sage to be "greek tea".
Sage is one of the most characteristic and rich in properties herbs of Greece. It has antioxidant and antifungal properties and can also be used to relieve excessive sweating and nervous disorders.